7-Minute Bhagavatam

7-Minute Bhagavatam

Srimad-Bhagavatam 1.2.4-5
by
Gopiparanadhana Dasa
Language 
English
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Transcript 


Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam 1.2.4 and 1.2.5
Continuing the explanation of the second chapter of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam with verse four:
nārāyaṇaṁ namaskṛtya
 naraṁ caiva narottamam
devīṁ sarasvatīṁ vyāsaṁ
 tato jayam udīrayet
“Before reciting this Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam, which is the very means of conquest, one should offer respectful obeisances unto the Personality of Godhead, Nārāyaṇa, unto Nara-nārāyaṇa Ṛṣi, the supermost human being, unto mother Sarasvatī, the goddess of learning, and unto Śrīla Vyāsadeva, the author.”
The bold preaching of Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam will awaken a spiritual revolution that will overturn the corruption of this age. Śrī Ugraśravā, the speaker at Naimiṣāraṇya, shows the way, declaring victory at the outset like a warrior on a battlefield or a worshiper on the Lord’s altar blowing a conch shell. Jayam udīrayet: “The word ‘victory’ should now be uttered.” The transcendental literature being recited can also be called Jaya because it is the means of achieving victory.
In the formal use of a Vedic mantra in a sacrifice, first the viniyoga should be spoken to properly commence the use of the mantra in the particular ritual. The deity worshiped by the mantra should be announced, and also the sage who received the mantra in his meditation, the goddess giving potency to the mantra, the presiding deity of the place of the sacrifice, the mantra’s meter, its seed syllable, and the purpose of its use in the ritual. Here the entire Bhāgavatam is being introduced as an extended mantra by viniyoga. The twin sages Nara-Nārāyaṇa are the presiding Deities of Badarīnātha, where the Bhāgavatam was composed. Kṛṣṇa-dvaipāyana Vyāsa is the sage. Goddess Sarasvatī is the śakti. And not stated explicitly but implied by the context and the phrase caiva, the Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa is the Deity worshiped by the Bhāgavatam, the Gāyatrī with reference to which the Bhāgavatam began is its meter, and om is its seed. The purpose of the Bhāgavatam is victory over the degradation of Kali-yuga.
This same nārāyaṇaṁ namaskṛtya verse is found at the beginning of the Mahābhārata and of some of the other Purāṇas.
Now verse five:
munayaḥ sādhu pṛṣṭo ’haṁ
 bhavadbhir loka-maṅgalam
yat kṛtaḥ kṛṣṇa-sampraśno
 yenātmā suprasīdati
“O sages, I have been justly questioned by you. Your questions are worthy because they relate to Lord Kṛṣṇa and so are of relevance to the world’s welfare. Only questions of this sort are capable of completely satisfying the self.”
Verse two of this chapter stated that Śrī Sūta began his answers to the sages after first praising their words. This is the praise he spoke. The sages had asked to know the essence of all the Vedic scriptures’ teachings, and what would give full satisfaction to the self. Sūta Gosvāmī knows from his own devotional realization the questions about the essence of the Vedic teachings, if submitted and answered properly, inevitably aim at discussion of Kṛṣṇa’s glories. He knows that Kṛṣṇa consciousness is the one sure formula for the whole world’s good fortune. And he knows that only Kṛṣṇa is capable of giving full satisfaction to the soul’s hankerings. Now he thanks the sages for reminding him of these most important realizations.  
As far as the speaker Sūta is concerned, the focus of the discussion to follow should be entirely on Kṛṣṇa. Thus he says simply kṛṣṇa-sampraśna. Even when the Supreme is going to be referred to by other names like Adhokṣaja, Vāsudeva, and sātvatām pati, it may be taken as assumed that these are all names of the same Kṛṣṇa. The various avatāras remembered in the Bhāgavatam are all Kṛṣṇa’s expansions, and most of the other persons mentioned are His devotees and members of the families of His birth.